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Municipal Government

Five fast facts

  • There are approximately 4,000 municipal governments in Canada managing our cities, towns, villages, counties, districts, and metropolitan regions.
    Reference: Forsey, E. How Canadians Govern Themselves, 2005
  • Most municipal governments are not structured around political parties.
  • Elected positions include mayor/reeve/warden and councillors/aldermen.
  • Provincial Acts govern municipalities therefore they vary by province.
  • In 2004, 25 per cent of the 308 members of the House of Commons had municipal government experience.

Entry Level Advantages

Municipal governments represent the order of government that is closest to the people. They are widely perceived as the best entry level for women interested in becoming an elected representative because there is no need to leave your neighbourhood to become involved.


Powers and Structure

Powers: All municipalities are created by legislation enacted by their province or territory. A clause in the Constitution allows provinces or territories to delegate some responsibilities to this government body.


FCM Women's Committee

In 1999, the Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM) created the FCM Canadian Women in Municipal Government Committee, in response to concerns of men and women holding office across the country.


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